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LESSON З CASE LAW AND CODIFIED LAW SYSTEMS

TERMS AMD EXPRESSIONS case law

common law

the concept of precedent

doctrine of stare decisis

to be contrasted with (to)

the concept of res adjudicate

the matter is closed

the conclusion of the lawsuit

the loosing party

to decide the dispute

a court of competent jurisdiction

written opinion

in deciding subsequent cases subordinate courts to be bound by the rale of law the parties involved74

to provide both certainty and predictability reliance upon precedent to rely on prior decisions legal significance reasonable certainty to renounce precedent an unpopular court ruling to overrule the common-law system the continental law judicial decision 'o be beyond the grasp

'ayinen Private law

lo govern one's conduct the advice of legal counsel °odified law system

—прецедентное право —общее право —концепция прецедента —доктрина судебного прецедента —по сравнению с...

(в отличие от...) —концепция решенного дела —вопрос закрыт —завершение судебного дела —проигравшая сторона —решить спор

- суд правомочной юрисдикции —решение в письменном виде (в письменной форме) —при решении последующих дел —подчиненные суды —быть связанным нормой права —задействованные стороны (участвующие стороны) —обеспечивать и определенность, и предсказуемость —опора на прецедент —полагаться на предыдущие решения —правовое значение —разумная определенность —отказываться от прецедента —непопулярное решение суда —отменять, отклонять,,. —система общего права —континентально-европейское право —судебное решение —быть за пределами возможного восприятия; быть недоступным —неюристы, неспециалисты —частное право —управлять своим поведением - консультация юридического совета —система кодифицированного права 25 INTRODUCTORY EXERCISES

?J Переведите предложения на русский язык

(рекомендуется для зрительно-устного перевода): (a)

1.

Common Law is a system in which legal decisions are based upon decisions in previous cases and on customs, rather than on detailed written laws. 2.

It is sometimes called case law and originally developed in England. 3.

Common law is an important part of the legal systems of many countries which have been influenced by English law, such as the USA and India. (b)

1. Continental Law is a system in which legal decisions are usually made by apply ing detailed written laws to the case in question. 2.

Various forms of continental law are found in continental Europe and ш parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America. 3.

It is sometimes known as Roman Law because it was influenced by the laws developed in ancient Rome. 4.

It is also sometimes known as codified law because the system often requires laws to be written in the form of precise, detailed codes.

/1 Найдите в тексте и переведите словосочетания

^ (можно использовать для перевода на слух):

The doctrine of stare decisis: to stand by decisions and not to disturb what is settled; the concept of res adjudicata; the matter is closed; at the conclusion of the lawsuit; the loosing party; to ask a court to decide the dispute; a written opinion; to set forth the rule; in deciding subsequent cases; subordinate courts; in the same jurisdiction; to be bound by the rule of law; to affect persons; the parties involved; to provide both certainty and predictability; reliance upon precedent; legal issues; areas of the law; a certain legal effect; to rely on prior decisions; the legal significance; to renounce precedent; an unpopular court ruling; several inherent difficulties: to place "the law" beyond the actual knowledge; the total body of ruling case law; to be beyond the grasp of lawyers; the advice of legal council.

Л Переведите в классе устно, а дома письменно на русский язык (рекомендуется для зрительно-устного и зрительно-письменного

перевода}:

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Источник: Алимов В. В.. Юридический перевод: практический курс. Английский язык: Учебное пособие. Изд. 3-е, стереотипное. — М.: Ком Книга. — 160 с.. 2005

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